The Second World War in Northern Ireland

The Second World War in Northern Ireland

County Londonderry Part 1

The United States Army in Coleraine

Three U.S. Servicemen in Newmarket Street, Coleraine.  *****From a Private Collection. Please DO NOT COPY*****

American Serviceman with dog on bicycle in Coleraine. *****From a Private Collection. Please DO NOT COPY*****

U.S. Army soldiers marching through The Diamond, Coleraine.  *****From a Private Collection. Please DO NOT COPY*****

A continuation of the Parade outside Coleraine Town Hall.  *****From a Private Collection. Please DO NOT COPY*****

(This selection is from the Personal Photographic Collection of Mr James White. Many thanks to Mr Ronnie Gamble)

The photograph above may show the same Parade. The date of this photograph is 18th April 1942. (Thanks to Ed Luke)

The photograph on the left of Coleraine Town Hall was taken in 1944 by Lieutenant Henry E. "Hank" Lefebvre of 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, U.S. Army.

Note the Air Raid siren on the roof.

(Thanks to www.508.pir.org for the photograph)

Victor Duke from Coleraine

Lance Corporal Victor Duke of 6 Lodge Road, Coleraine is seen here serving with North Irish Horse. He was 24 years old and married. Victor had served in North Africa and at the time this photograph was taken he was in Italy. (Imperial War Museum photograph)

Robert Kennedy from Coleraine.

London Gazette
"For courage, determination and skill during the landing of Allied Forces on the coast of Normandy:
The Distinguished Service Medal.
Able Seaman Robert Elder Kennedy, Merchant Navy (Coleraine, Co. Londonderry).
Robert Kennedy was aboard S.S. Knowlton which was carrying explosives when it was hit and on fire.
Some of the Crew abandoned ship however Able Seamen Kennedy stayed to fight the fire and was able to extinguish it saving the ship.
(Thanks very much to Robin Cardwell)

Ulster Home Guard in Coleraine

Shown here is Coleraine Ulster Home Guard. They met at "Tip Head" on Brook Street, Coleraine. I was sent these photographs by Mr Brian Adams whose Dad, Tommy, can be seen 6th from the Left in the Back Row. (Thank-you very much Brian Adams)

This final photograph shows Coleraine Ulster Home Guard outside the First Presbyterian Church in 1943.

White Hall Chambers, Coleraine

The White Hall Chambers building is in Coleraine Town Centre and during the Second World War it was used for a time as 168th Infantry U.S. Army Headquarters. (Old picture from "After The Battle" Magazine)

Coleraine Distillery

Although nothing remains of the old Coleraine Distillery it is pleasing to be able to include these photographs of the Spirit Safe which was used in Coleraine and is now on display in Bushmills Distillery!

The American Artillery Casing and Bottle of Coleraine Whiskey

The 34th “Red Bull” Infantry Division was the first American Army Division to arrive in Europe when their 151st Field Artillery Battalion set foot in Belfast on 26th January 1942 after leaving New York at 00.30 on 15th January on the converted British Steamer H.M.T.S. Straithaird.

(The picture here shows First Section of B Battery, 151st Field Artillery training with their British 25 Pdr in June 1942.

Front Row from Left - Donald Reynolds, Frank Ruebl, Glenn Wishert, Louis Dobbleman and James O'Neill.

Back Row from Left - William Brisley, Lawrence Swanson, Alfred Wilson and John Anderson.)

The 151st were accompanied by elements of 133rd Infantry Regiment, Company A of the 109th Medical Battalion and a Detachment of 34th Military Police.

They were initially based at Bellarena with Enlisted Men and Junior Officers living in Nissen Huts.

On 21st February the first practice was carried out in the Sperrin Mountains with the British 25 Pdr Field Guns that the Unit had been issued and a Shell Casing from this firing was retained as a souvenir by B Battery.

The 151st remained at Bellarena until late May when they moved to Tynan Abbey in County Armagh to take part in Tactical Field Training however within a few months the B Battery Commander, Captain Eugene E. Surdyk brought the shell casing mentioned above to Dan Hall Christie who owned a Jewellery Shop in Coleraine and asked for the casing to be inscribed with the names of the 116 Officers and Men of B Battery saying he would collect it when he was able to get back to Coleraine.

As time passed the 151st arrived at Castle Coole in Enniskillen during the Autumn of 1942 and training intensified. Until 12th December when they left Northern Ireland for Liverpool before sailing for North Africa on Christmas Day!

It was not until 1961 when the then Colonel Surdyk finally returned to Coleraine to retrieve his shell case and Mr Christie gave it to him along with a bottle of Aged Malt Whiskey from the Coleraine Distillery.

The whiskey was then sealed inside the shell casing and the men of B Battery agreed at a Reunion that the whiskey should remain in the casing until only three members remain when “those three worthies will share the contents”

The Final Reunion was held in Minneapolis in 2005 and in 2007 one of the last survivors, Bob Martin, donated the shell casing, whiskey and B Battery’s Gideon Flag to the Minnesota Military Museum. – A cross had been engraved next to the names of those who had passed away.

(Thanks very much to the Minnesota Military Museum and the Members and Friends of the Military Historical Society of Minnesota) 

U.S. Army Rangers at "Mary Craig's Bar" Coleraine

Shown here is Mary Craig's Bar at 26 New Market Street, Coleraine.

When the United States Rangers who were training in the Area had some free time they usually made their way to Mary's Bar and the picture on the left shows some of the U.S. Rangers Veterans returning some years ago.

Although the bar had changed ownership since the days of WW2 the name has been retained.

Some of the U.S. Ranger Veterans shown enjoying themselves in 1992.

During WW2 some American Troops were Billeted at the Back of the Bar in the building shown above right which, at that time, was made up of 3 storeys.

Well Worth A Visit.

U.S. Army Rangers in Coleraine

This imposing building was "The Coleraine Shirt and Collar Factory" and is now known as Beresford House however during the Second World War it was used as a Billet for Soldiers.

Men of the United States Rangers were based there for a time and the picture above shows one of the U.S. Rangers on a visit some years ago. He is explaining that the Rangers lived on the 2nd Floor of the Building and the Kitchens and Mess Hall were on the Ground Floor.

The road to the left of the photograph above is Beresford Avenue. 

Below are two photographs of a Pillbox which stood on Beresford Avenue and had been disguised to look like a lorry. On the right of one of the photographs can be seen a row of houses which are shown in the streetview picture below (IWM and Google)

Laurel Hill House, Coleraine

Hiding behind trees and fencing is Laurel Hill House.

Laurel Hill was used by both British and American Troops.

The Officers of the Royal Berkshire Regiment stayed in the House whilst the Ordinary Ranks were based in Gribbons Factory which stood beside the River Bann but is now demolished. The Sergeants stayed in a Motorcycle Factory.

Disguised Pillbox in Coleraine

These photographs show Shuttle Hill at the top of the steps at Strand Road, Coleraine.

On looking at the pictures the building on the left has had a Pillbox painted onto the wall whilst the real pillbox is disguised as a shop on the right. (IWM and Google Pictures)

Training in Coleraine Area

6th Battalion, The Berkshire Regiment training in Coleraine.

It is possible that some of this training took place in the grounds of Laurel Hill House which is shown above. (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

This selection of Photographs shows 6th Battalion, Berkshire Regiment on a Training Exercise in the Coleraine area on 16th June 1941. (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

Lieutenant General H.E.Franklyn shows that there is absolutely nothing to worry about when you are sitting in a slit trench and a tank drives over it! (IWM Picture)

Matilda Tanks on Display

This was a Demonstration of how Tanks can be used. It was for the benefit of Soldiers to watch (IWM Photographs)

As well as seeing the Matilda Tanks models of German Tanks were on display for examination.

Above right Lieutenant General H.E. Franklyn is seen addressing the Tank Crews after the demonstration.

The exercise included Bren Gun Carrier Support, use of the 3 Inch Mortar and a River Crossing under fire from the enemy.

Coleraine Cemetery

These are the Headstones of Flying Officer Irwin and Fusilier Oliver.

Flying Officer Joseph Alexander Irwin was a Pilot with 174 Squadron, Royal Air Force who, at the time of his death, were flying Hawker Typhoon Aircraft from R.A.F. Westhampnett.

Fusilier Robert Alexander Oliver was serving with the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Robert Browne was Killed In Action on 31st October 1944 while serving with 8th Battalion, The Royal Scots.

He is buried in the Nederweert War Cemetery Southeast of Eindhoven in Holland.

Guardsman John James Rorrison was serving with the Irish Guards when he died on 21st November 1944.

Private Fredrick Liddiard was with 6th Battalion The Royal Berkshire Regiment when he lost his life on 7th April 1941.

Second Lieutenant Geoff Deverill was serving with 6th Battalion The Berkshire Regiment when he died on 25th May 1941.

Killowen Church, Coleraine

Private Robert Baxter from Coleraine was serving with 7th Duke of Wellington’s Regiment when he was killed by the detonation of a Mark 5 Anti-Tank Mine during training at Yarmouth on 3rd February 1944.

Army Reserve Centre, Coleraine

These two old Field Guns are being used as Gate Guardians at the Army Reserve Centre on Artillery Road, Coleraine. 

These two photographs show training with a Bofors Gun and the Drill Hall at the old Calf Lane Camp in Coleraine. (Thanks very much to Ronnie Gamble)

Magilligan Gun Positions

It is pleasing to be able to show that the Gun Positions which are shown here can still be found.

The huge bolts to which the guns were secured still remain and only the doors are missing from where the shells were stored.

The photographs above show a 6 Inch Coastal Gun of 380th Battery, Royal Artillery at Magilligan on 8th November 1940.

Two Gun Positions remain along with one Shelter type building.

My foot is in the picture below right to show the scale of the large bolts.

(Pictures from Imperial war Museum)

Here are some views of the Heavy Anti-Aircraft Gun Battery at Magilligan which was known as "LO7". This can be seen on the opposite side of the road from the Prison.

The picture immediately above shows the Radar Platform which was an integral part of the HAA Battery and below is an Aerial Photograph of the Site.

In this aerial photograph you can see the four Gun Positions along with the Control Building and Hardened Nissen Hut.

Unfortunately the land is marked as being unaccessable as it is used as a Firing Range although the Anti-Aircraft threat is not as bad as it was between 1939 and 1945!!

Ulster Home Guard Magilligan

(Thanks very much to Stephen McCracken for this photograph of Magilligan Platoon, Ulster Home Guard)

Magilligan Point Pillbox

Visitors to and from County Donegal may use the Ferry between Greencastle in Donegal and Magilligan in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.

At the Magilligan you will see the pillbox shown here.

As you travel the short distance towards the Prison you can see, on your right, what remains of the positions of 2 six inch naval guns as well as searchlight and Heavy Anti-Aircraft guns.

Magilligan Martello Tower

During the Second World War the Martello Tower at Magilligan had an Observation Post constructed on top.

Gun beside the Martello Tower at Magilligan Point. This is being manned by 380th Battery, Royal Artillery. (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

Magilligan Shooting Ranges

A British Sergeant taking some of the U.S. troops in Northern Ireland through a course of Instruction on the use of a light Anti-Aircraft gun.

No specific Range has been identified for this Training however it would have been either Ballykinlar in County Down or Magilligan in County Londonderry.

(This photograph is from  http://www.loc.gov/item/oem2002006776/PP/ which is the Library of Congress and is available to EVERYONE).

Agivey House Bridging Camp

There was a Bridging Camp at Agivey House where training took place in connection with Bridge Construction as well as the use of Block and tackle.

This was used by both American Troops and soldiers from the Royal Engineers.

A concrete path can be seen running through the trees on the Bann Road side of the House however there are no other remains.

Shown here is a still from a 1990's television documentary where veterans of the United States Army Rangers are discussing Agivey Bridging Camp with a lady who lived opposite the Camp and they confirm to her that the U.S. Rangers took part in Training there.

Royal Engineers rowing a Pontoon Bridge into position. On the right is the Divisional Commander and his staff on one of the Pontoons

Shown here is a rubber Reconnaissance Boat which is used to take tapes etc actoss the river.

The photographs here show a Royal Engineers work party of 61st Division constructing a small box girder bridge at Agivey. (Imperial War Museum pictures)

When researching the Agivey House Bridging Camp I found the letters above which were sent to Dr. Bolton at Agivey House.

Fatal Accident at Agivey

On 30th April 1943 Sapper William Jones, 21 years old, lost his like through drowning whilst taking part in Bridging Training at Agivey Bridging Camp.

He is buried in Hereford.

Royal Inniskilling Fusilier, Aghadowey

This is the Headstone of Fusilier Daniel Boyle who was serving with 70th (Young Soldiers) Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fuliliers when he died on 26th July 1941.


He is buried in the Graveyard of Our Lady and St Patrick Roman Catholic Church in Aghadowey.

Aghadowey 1940.

This photograph is referred to as 317 Tank Company, Aghadowey Circa 1940. If you have any information regarding this then please email me at the address given below (Ebay)

Portna Pillbox

This is a very sturdy pillbox to which I would recommend a visit! - As can be seen by the picture here this pillbox is positioned to guard the canal at Portna outside Kilrea on the River Bann.

It is well constructed with some of the original wooden ports and shelves remaining as well as the metal door into the pillbox and a little added character of a quaint little gate!

When inside you will see a notice painted directly above the port shown in the photograph here.

I believe the New English Version translation of this is "Be Sober, Be Watchful, Your Adversary the Devil, as a roaring lion walks about seeking whom he may devour"

This was a rather unexpected find however i cannot argue with the logic!

Portglenone Pillbox

Shown here is a pillbox which is located in a wooded area on the County Londonderry side of the River Bann in Portglenone.

It sits on high ground commanding the immediate area and the picture of the inside shows that the design is the same as those which are found in County Armagh with the exception of the access tunnel which can be seen in the right of the pillbox in the picture above.

A well preserved example with good anti-ricochet feature around the ports.


Kilrea Pillbox

Shown above is a pillbox which commands the approach to the town of Kilrea along the Moneygran Road.


Please be aware that it is difficult to see due to the effective camouflage of years of natural overgrowth however it is sighted on the left side of the road as you enter the town beside the cemetery.


A common design of pillbox which can be seen along the length of the River Bann defence line.

The photograph to the left shows some Soldiers who were billeted in Kilrea in 1940.

(Thanks very much to Steve Austin From Kilrea and Proud of it)

U.S. Army Medics in Kilrea

The Headquarters of the 109th Medical Battalion, U.S. Army in Maghera Street, Kilrea and the same scene as it looks today. (Picture from "Home Away From Home" Book.)

Soldiers of 82nd Airborne Division in Kilrea

These Officers of the 80th Airborne Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division pose for a picture at their camp in Kilrea.

Left to Right and First Lieutenant Gordon Cummings, Second Lieutenant Henry G Coustillac (Who was Killed in Action in Belgium) and Second Lieutenant Claire E Jones who was also Killed in Action in Belgium.

Manor House, Kilrea

At the start of the Second World War the Manor House in Kilrea was a Convent. 

In September 1940 it was taken over by Military Personnel and later Detachment A of 9th Field Hospital United States Army were here.

These pictures show an old Quonset Hut which remains at the site which was known as "Number 19 casualty Clearing Station"

The picture below shows the Operating Theatre on 20th August 1941. (I.W.M. picture.)

British Soldiers of Number 19 Casualty Clearing Station at Kilrea.

Below left is the Kitchen with a Double Nissen Ward on the right.(Imperial War Museum Pictures)

Above left is a Mobile Sterilizer Unit with a Mobile X-Ray Unit to the right.

Below is seen the Casualty Reception Area. (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

The photograph above shows the Ambulance Vehicle Park with the Pack Store on the right. (IWM Pictures)

A mobile Blood Transfusion Unit is shown on the left with a Medical Ward on the right. (IWM Pictures)

Shown here is the Officers Mess and Quarters at the Kilrea site. (IWM Picture)

Kilrea Railway Station

These two photographs show the Royal Army Service Corps at Kilrea Railway Station being bombed during a demonstration on 18th November 1941. (IWM Photographs)

Portstewart Bombing Range Target Indicator

I had some fun finding this Bombing Range Target Indicator which is on the coastal path at Portstewart Golf Club.

I had walked along the concrete path and was looking around on the beach without success. 

After thinking I was not able to find anything I turned around and saw that there was a huge arrow on the ground pointing directly at me!

The top photograph shows the arrow at ground level and you can see it in the centre of the aerial picture (Google) above left. 

To the right is one of the Bombing Range Quadrant Towers for this bombing range which has now been demolished. (Thanks very much to George Busby)

Thomas Anderson from Portstewart.

Thomas Anderson was born in Portstewart on 2nd April 1921.

He was inspired to join the Royal Navy after seeing the impressive likes of HMS Hood visit Portrush and enlisted on 3rd February 1937.
After training he joined the new ‘Tribal’ class destroyer HMS Zulu, which had been ordered from Stephen & Sons of Govan, Glasgow in March 1935.
Zulu was laid down in August 1936, launched in September 1937, completed and accepted in September 1938.

In 1939 she was assigned to the ‘Spanish Patrol’ and Mediterranean patrols before returning for home fleet duties, North Sea patrols and convoy defence.
She then saw action at the battles of Narvik in 1940.

In May 1941 Zulu was on Atlantic convoy duties.
During this time on 26th May she relieved the escort for battleship HMS King George V.
The next day, along with other destroyers of the 4th Flotilla, Zulu attacked the German battleship Bismarck with torpedoes at night.

In September 1941 Zulu was sent to Gibraltar with Force H and escorted the battleship HMS Nelson and aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal delivering aircraft to Malta.

(Above left is Thomas Anderson in 1938 and on the right  Zulu 'X' Turret Gun crew with Thomas Anderson)

Above is Zulu and Hood in Grand Harbour Malta and below the same Harbour as it looks today

Zulu stood by to support evacuation of the torpedoed Ark Royal in November 1941.

The destroyer was then transferred to the 22nd Destroyer Flotilla in Alexandria in December 1941.
She escorted several vital Malta convoys during this time, and came under repeated heavy air attack on numerous occasions.

In March 1942 she took part in the 2nd Battle of Sirte – a tactical victory against a superior fleet of Italian warships including the battleship Littorio.
In June 1942 was part of the Operation Vigorous – a Malta relief convoy that had to be abandoned because of extreme heavy air and sea attacks, including E-boat torpedo attacks at night. In July and August 1942, Zulu was in action off Syria, and shared the credit for sinking U372 off Haifa.

Then in September 1942 Zulu, along with sister ship Sikh, was assigned to take part in the ill-fated Operation Agreement to land Marines at Tobruk to recapture the vital port stronghold.

It was during this battle that Zulu scuttled the badly bomb damaged cruiser HMS Coventry, before herself being bombed by a Ju-87 Stuka. Zulu later sank under tow.

Tommie Anderson was one of the rear gun crew of Zulu. He was involved in all of the ships actions, and on one occasion had to remove the badly marked body of a friend killed in action from the crow’s nest of one of the masts.
Still only 21, as part of Operation Agreement he was assigned to one of the boats landing marine ashore.

He successfully guided his boat ashore and went with the Marines inland where they were involved in several machine gun and grenade battles.
During this time he was shot and wounded in the arm, which was officially recorded by one of the surviving marines in the subsequent enquiry into Operation Agreement.

They were eventually taken prisoner.
Having been injured, Thomas Anderson was later exchanged with wounded German and Italian prisoners and he returned back to the UK.

(Above is H.M.S. Zulu at sea in the Atlantic in 1941 and below  Captured lighters at Tobruk and  Lighters on deck as Part of Operation Agreement)

His discharge papers indicate he volunteered for Submarines in 1943, but he was not allowed to rejoin offensive operations having been an exchange prisoner.

He then served at various naval establishments, including HMS Gannet, the RN Air Station at Eglinton.

After the war he married his wife Susan in 1947, having four children Robert, Marlene, Jean and Derek.
The family lived in Coleraine while Tommie served initially in deep sea fishing vessels, then the Merchant Navy travelling the world until he retired in the late 1970s.
He died in Portstewart on 23 December 1996 aged 75.
(Below is Tommie with his Grandson Neal in 1973. Thanks very much to Neal Anderson for information and photographs)

Bright Cottage, Portstewart

Bright Cottage was used as a Headquarters by one of the 168th Anti Tank Companies of the United States Army. - All that remains now of the original building is the chimney.

I would have liked very much to be able to show this building as it looks today however it had been demolished. (From "After The Battle" Magazine)

"Bright Cottage" stood at the junction of High Road, Old Coach Road and The Hill.

In the first picture is a Willys Jeep which is towing a 37mm Anti-Tank Gun.

American Soldier playing with young Boy. (Picture by George W. Hales. Getty Image)

Two American Soldiers making friends with local Children in Portstewart in the same immediate area as the pictures above and Bright Cottage. (Picture from Tower Museum, Londonderry)

Plaque on Portstewart War Mamorial

This plaque can be seen on the Portstewart War Memorial.

"Camp Cromore" Portstewart

This was "Camp Cromore" which is situated on the Cromore Road at Portstewart.

Various Units of the American Military were based here including219th Replacement Company (67th Replacement Battalion) who were here until 19th March 1944. 220th Replacement Company (67th Replacement Battalion) were at Cromore from 19th March until 29th March 1944 and 221st Replacement Company (68th Replacement Battalion) where here from 19th March until 22nd April 1944.

This Memorial to the men of the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment 82nd Airborne Division, United States Army is in the grounds of Cromore House and states that this Unit was at Camp Cromore from 9th January until 11th March 1944.

A concrete path can still be seen and the blocks above would have been used to support a Tank containing perhaps Fuel.

The small rectangular shapes which can be seen in this aerial photograph are Nissen Hut concrete bases which still remain at Cromore. (Google)

Camp Cromore - Henry E. "Hank" LeFebvre Photograph Collection

Henry E. "Hank" LeFebvre was a Sergeant in the National Guard before attending Officer Cadet School at Fort Benning, Georgia in 1942. 

He volunteered to become a Parachutist and on completing jump school was assigned to the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment where he took on the role of a platoon leader. 
Lieutenant LeFebvre jumped into Normandy on D-Day, 6th June 1944 and subsequently jumped into Holland.

He served throughout the Second World War with the 82nd Airborne Division and saw action in the Ardennes and Central Europe.
He retired as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Training Centre at Fort Leonard Wood as a Colonel having served more than 28 years.
This album section is commemorated to him. 

(All material, unless cited otherwise, was made avail through the graciousness of his wife Mary Alice and their son Jim.) 

Includes above picture of Cromore House as photographed by Hank Lefebvre in 1944.

Above is Sergeant Myers doing Bayonet Drill and on the right a Nissen Hut marked "Officers Only"

On the left is Lieutenant LeFebvre having his boots polished by a Shoeshine Boy and to the right is a Lieutenant in one of the towns close to Camp Cromore.

This final photograph shows Lieutenant Henry E. "Hank" Lefebvre.

(My sincere thanks to Dick O'Donnell for all his assistance. These photographs are shown here courtesy of www.508PIR.org.)

Sergeant Robert G. Banks at Camp Cromore

This is Robert G. Banks who served with the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the United States Army.

He had joined the Army on 29th October 1942 and won his Airborne Wings on 7th March 1943. - Transportation to the European Theatre appears to have been swift as the photograph above was taken in Belfast on 15th March 1943.

Sergeant Banks parachuted into action in France on D-Day however he was later captured by Germans and spent the rest of the war in P.O.W. Camps. before being liberated by the Russian Army.

The Telegram which is shown above was sent to his Mother to inform her that Sergeant Banks had been Liberated and would soon be on his way home!

(My sincere thanks to Penny Banks-Lane for her assistance and permission to use these photographs.)

Portstewart to D-Day with Lt. Jack Quaid, 82nd Airborne Division.

John A. "Jack" Quaid was a 1st Lieutenant in Company H, 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, United States Army.

The 508th arrived in Belfast on 8th January 1944 on board the ship U.S.A.T. (United States Army Transport) James Parker which is shown below and on leaving Belfast it was a short train journey to Camp Cromore at Portstewart.

Training continued for the next few months at Cromore before they returned to Belfast on 10th March and on by ship and rail to camp at Wollaton Park, Nottingham, England where they arrived three days later.

Lt. Quaid parachuted into action at Sainte-Mere Eglise on D-Day, 6th June 1944 in “Operation Overlord” and was later listed as “Missing in Action” on the same day.

The remains of Lt. Quaid were later recovered and his official date of death was determined to be June 23, 1944.

According to the personal diary of Lt Ralph DeWeese, also of the 508th PIR, he had been watching Lt Quaid's plane from his aircraft as they approached the Normandy drop zone. "[Quaid's plane] was in a hot-spot due to the fact the tabs had blown off the [equipment] bundle lights [slung under the aircraft belly] and [the bundle lights] had come on. That left the plane a target in the sky and everything was zeroed in on him. I thought for sure that they were going to get it. We circled over Etiennville three times and I knew the planes were lost. You can imagine how anxious we were to jump because I knew we couldn't fly around much longer without getting hit. The flak and machine gun fire was worse and it is hard to realise how those planes can fly through it. I was watching Quaid's plane and saw some men jump".

Later Deweese apparently learned that "Lt. Quaid had raided a pill box and the Germans had surrendered and were coming out with their hands up. The fourth came out firing a Schmeisser [sub-machinegun] and killed him."

The loss of Lt Quaid was the second to affect this family in quick succession as his Step Brother Franklin, who was a Naval Aviator operating in the Pacific Ocean was lost during a flight from the converted Carrier U.S.S. Chenango. - His body has never been recovered.

This photograph shows Lieutenant Jack Quaid training in Northern Ireland - I believe this may be the Sand dunes of the range at Articlave which is examined in detail below in the County Londonderry Part 3 Section.

The photographs here show the famous Church in the centre of Sainte-Mere Eglise as it looks now and with U.S. Soldiers fighting in June 1944. The suspended Paratrooper is a Memorial to the U.S. Airborne soldier who found himself suspended by his parachute from the Tower.

(The old photographs are in displays for tourists around the Town Square).

Lt Quaid was initially buried in the American Cemetery at Colleville-sur-Mer which is shown in my photograph here with the waves crashing on Omaha Beach in the background however he was later repatriated to Reno.

(My sincere thanks to Melissa Jordan and http://www.merujo.com/ with further information from http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=55889504 )

508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, U.S. Army on the Causeway Coast

Soldiers of the 508th P.I.R. on a Training Exercise (With thanks to Irv Shanley)

The photograph on the left shows Clarence Chrislip (On the left) with Floyd Mallison standing outside a Hut at Camp Cromore which is also the scene of the group photograph on the right (Courtesy of the O.B. Hill Collection)

The first photograph shows Lieutenants H.W.Fraiser, Loyle G. McReynolds, E.F. King and Francis E. Flanders (Courtesy of George Miles).

The picture on the right shows Soldiers of Company F, 508th P.I.R. who had visited the Giants Causeway.   

Left to right and front to back they are identified as:-  Front, 1-unknown, 2- Fred Greene, 3-Cecil Angel, 4-Don Walton. Row Two: 1-Glen Ward, 2-Frank McKee, 3-John Gerard, 4-Joe Cananzey, 5-Clarence Berry. Back Row: 1- Pat Bogie, 2-Frances Neimic, 3-Roy Chipman, 4-Robert Montgomery, 5-(may be Bill Giegold) (Thanks to Frank McKee)

John Posadas and Jim Murphy are shown with a new Friend at The Promenade, Portstewart on the left (With thanks to Michael Posadas) and on the right is John T. Shue who was a Company Clerk with the Service Company.

Training Exercises are shown here with Headquarters 2nd 81mm Mortar Platoon involved in some practice on the left. The Soldier in the centre is believed to be Bill Biagioni. (This photograph is courtesy of Irv Shanley) Lieutenant Colonel Mendez is leading the men of the 508th in some physical training on the right.

Major John T. Berry is shown on the left. He would later jump in the Netherlands as Executive Officer of 1st Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment when they took two bridges, one of which was at Grave and is shown in my photographs below. ***DO NOT COPY***

For lots more information about the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division and their time in Northern Ireland please visit www.508.pir 

Belgian Soldiers at Camp Cromore

Training at Camp Cromore included learning to operate a Bren Gun Carrier. Belgian Soldiers are shown below in one of these vehicles. 

Following the departure of the American troops Belgian Soldiers from 2nd Battalion, 5th Infantry Brigade "Merckem" Company C Heavy Weapons were based at Cromore from 22nd May 1945 until 25th September 1945.

The Belgian soldiers shown here were at Camp Cromore between 4th August and 10th October 1945.
(Thanks very much to http://www.maisondusouvenir.be/ for the information and pictures of the Belgian soldiers at Camp Cromore.)

North Irish Horse on Coastal Patrol around Portstewart / Portrush

This photograph shows First World War era Rolls Royce Armoured Cars of the North Irish Horse carrying out a Coastal Patrol in the Portstewart / Portrush Area. (Thanks very much to Bracken Anderson) *****PLEASE DO NOT COPY THIS ITEM*****

Photographed on 28th January 1941 these pictures show the North Irish Horse along the North Coast. (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

Portstewart Strand Pillboxes.

This Pillbox is on the western side of Portstewart Strand. (Thanks very much to Jedaiah Taylor) My photograph below shows the same pillbox with the addition of some Safety Equipment which has since been moved elsewhere.

Shown below is the Pillbox which is positioned at the opposite side of the Beach.

The Pillbox shown above left is the same one as shown below.

It covered both Portstewart Strand and the Bann Estuary whilst the one shown in the other two pictures is on the East side of the Strand and is now within a National Trust Car Park.

Gun Drill on Portstewart Strand

31st March 1942 and U.S. Army Jeep towing Field Gun is driven into position. (Fox Photograph by George W.Hales which is taken from on top of a sand Dune)

Pushing through the sand. (From Jeep Vintage picture saved by Antoni Ramos, Fox Photograph by George W. Hales)

Crew Dismount and take up positions. (Fox Photograph by George W. Hales from Shaun Clayton saved to Willys Jeep. Getty Picture below)

This appears to be a Drill with a 37mm Anti-Tank Gun by the U.S. Army 168th Anti-Tank Company. Taken on Portstewart Strand in 1942 with my photograph showing the same location as it looks today. (From http://www.army.mil/article/33484/which is available to EVERYONE. Ghose picture from Adam Surrey)

American Troops playing Leap Frog in the same area (Getty image)

One of the photographs from the above can be seen in "The War Illustrated" article "With Uncle Sam's Men on the Emerald Isle"

Soldiers are shown boxing on the beach and the two photographs below show Soldiers crossing through Barbed Wire, as seen in the second picture above, and a better quality photograph of the riflemen seen here. The next picture of men negotiating rocks may be in the same area. (Getty Images)

This Training Exercise took place on 31st March 1942 (Getty images)

Portstewart Cemetery

Rifleman James Hastings C. Johnston was 23 years old and serving with 1st Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). He was the Son of the Reverend James Johnston and Susan Crockett Johnston from Portstewart and is burried at Imphal War Cemetery in India.

Bann Estuary Pillboxes

This Pillbox is in great condition and is positioned overlooking a long sandy beach.

A second pillbox had been positioned on the western shore of the estuary however this has now been destroyed.

The Strand Pillbox appears to be a Type 23 however this larger one within the estuary is well protected and camouflaged and has wide ports which makes me think it may by a Type 25 pillbox being used as a Machine Gun Post. As with all the other Pillboxes I have visited in Northern Ireland there is no internal Anti Ricochet Wall but similar wall fixtures.

This Pillbox can be found off Barmouth Road.

Downhill Radar Station

This is a Radar Station which is positioned on a hilltop above the village of Downhill. It can be found on Bishops Road and is well worth a visit for the extensive view over the Atlantic Ocean.

There are concrete bases for tall masts as well as one building beside a concrete lane at the road as an entrance to the facility which includes 2 of the large structures - one of which is seen in the background here. I believe these may have been for large masts. There is also an Air Raid Shelter. 

(Thanks very much to Jim McKinney for the three photographs above)

Gortmore Chain Home Radar Station

Only a short drive up Bishops Road from Downhill Station was another near the Viewpoint at Gortmore.

As can be seen here very little remains of this Chain Home Station other than the concrete base of where a building had stood along with some of the concrete cable tethers which are deceptively large -You can see some of these at Ballywalter in https://www.ww2ni.com/countydownpart4.htm

Downhill Pillbox

The well camouflaged pillbox shown above can be found at Downhill.

It has been given the added camouflage of a covering of black basalt stones to blend in with its immediate surroundings.

In this final picture you can see on the left side where the Machine Gun would have been mounted. 

Downhill Demesne

This is what remains of Downhill Demesne which was used as a Billet for Servicemen and Women from the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. 

Thanks very much to Jim McKinney for the photographs shown above of Downhill Demesne.

Shown here is the Mussenden Temple which can be seen on the cliff face directly to the north of the Demesne Building and the picture on the right shows a Bofors Anti-Aircraft Gun beside the Temple. (Gun picture from Colerainebc.gov.uk)

Another view of the Bofors Gun beside the Mussenden Temple. (Thanks very much to Ed Luke)

Dispersed Living Accommodation for Aghanloo Airfield, Limavady

This is a compact little site with much to see.

It is on Bishops Road between Windyhill Road and the Chain Home Radar Station on high ground above the appropriately named Downhill.

There are a number of concrete bases for huts which have now gone, 2 Air Raid Shelters and other buildings which appear to have been washrooms.

Dispersed Living Accommodation on Windyhill Road, Limavady

I was told that this was Officers accommodation.

The building to the right of the photograph below is actually a Squash Court!

Killylane Radio Station

This is Killylane Radio station at Craigbrack Road on the hill above the village of Greysteel.

It was used to communicate with ships and aircraft in the Northern Approaches. 

The development includes a number of buildings.

There are some markings which can be seen including what appears to be "Danger" and a yellow triangular warning sign on a sturdy metal door under a stairway which may have been an armoury. There are also some markings where fire extinguishers had been retained and large "L" Shaped blue and cream coloured room has numerous monitoring points.

This is the Building which had the numerous telephone type connections on the walls which can be seen in my interior photographs above.

You can see the aerial array as well as lots of cables and the royal navy White Ensign flying in the wind. (Thanks to FCDB at the Airfield Research Group)

Much remains to be seen at Killylane including the Sangar guarding the entrance and inside the Armoury is this old Rifle rack!

This building looks very like a Chain Home Radar building.

Another of the large buildings at this location however this one as an Air raid Shelter beside it.

(The excellent Drone Photographs shown below are thanks to Richard Gilmore)

Kilnappy Royal Naval Armament Depot

The Kilnappy Royal Naval Armament Torpedo and Mine Depot covers an area of 47 Acres. It stored various armament types including Torpedoes and Depth Charges.

Above are some of the warning Signs which can be seen around the Site.

The two pictures immediately above show a building with a sturdy central rail which I guess may have been used for pulleys to move Ordnance.

Two Photographs above show a Blast Wall in front of Access to a partially concealed building which is constructed into the side of the Valley as well as the access road. 

Below is a Building which may have been some kind of Control Room.

Its Entrances on both sides are protected by Blast Walls.

These two pictures show inside the building.

****On my last visit to this site the Nissen Huts shown above had been demolished and the site appeared to be getting cleared ready for redevelopment.****

Lisahally Port Naval Operations Base

This is the original Battle of the Atlantic Memorial at Lisahally port.

It took me some considerable time to locate it and to be honest I was disappointed with its appearance and location.

This rather drab piece of concrete can be found at Port Road off Port Road at Maydown.

It has been repositioned from the lough shore at Lisahally to the entrance of Lisahally Port. Lisahally was the subject of Lend Lease which was signed in Washington on 12th June 1941.

The Lisahally development had a deep water wharf with a tank farm in the surrounding area. The Jetty which was constructed was 2,300 Feet long and connected to the shore by three piers. The water at the jetty was 18 feet deep and a 2 foot guage railway was operated on the jetty to ease unloading of armaments and equipment. 

The Jetty during construction. Pictures taken on 28th January 1942.

A 2000 feet long jetty made with Pine Wood imported from Oregon. (I.W.M. Photos)

These photographs above show the Eastern Wharf on 28th January 1942. (I.W.M. Photos)

The City of Londonderry became very important during The Battle of The Atlantic at the time was America's premier naval base in all of Europe.

Nearly 800 American technicians with over 2000 local workers built Lisahally Port within six months with all equipment down to the last nut and bolt, coming from the United States.

American and British sailors warmly fraternized during the building of the various sites within the Londonderry area which includes receiving and broadcasting stations, a 200 bed hospital at Creevagh and large camps at places such as Springtown.

Picture above was taken when the first American warships escorting a convoy across the Atlantic arrived at Londonderry. The white ensign and the Old Glory fly side by side.

(I.W.M. Photograph)

The picture on the left shows Lisahally as it looked in October 1943. (From http://navcommsta-londonderry.freeservers.com/ )

The painting by Rowland Vivian Pitchforth is titled "The American Base, River Foyle near Londonderry" (Imperial War Museum picture)

These photographs show United States Navy ships at the Lisahally Jetty which features in the artwork directly above. (Photographs by David Arkwright)

United States Marines at Lisahally.

U.S. Sailors at Lisahally.  (From http://navcommsta-londonderry.freeservers.com/ )

Destroyer escort ship USS Robert I. Paine at Lisahally with Culmore in the background on May 14, 1945.  (From usndazzle.com Photo source: NARA 80-G-320583.)

A sailor getting a propeller from the well-stocked hardware stores at the US Naval Operations Base.

Sailors working with the Bullard Vertical Turret Lathe, one of the largest pieces of machinery to be transported to the US Naval Operations Base.

(Photographs from Life Magazine and available to EVERYONE)

Spare anchors and telephone cable lying in the corner of the repair yard of the US Naval Operations Base. (Life Magazine Photographs above)

U.S. Navy personnel operating lathes. (I.W.M. Photo)

Masses of Stores!

A dance band rehearsing on a state in a recreation hall on the US Naval Operations Base, American and British flags on the wall behind them. (Life Picture)

Relaxing at the "Soda Fountain"

Patients in one of the hospital wards at the US Naval Operations Base at tea time, having coffee.

An operation in one of the hospitals at the US Naval Operations Base.

A sailor undergoing an x-ray procedure, attended by medical personnel at the x-ray hut on the US Naval Operations Base.

A sailor taking a break in one of the powerhouses on the US Naval Operations Base.

Sailors reading in the library at the US Naval Operations Base while censors sort out camp mail. (All above are from Life Magazine at http://images.google.com/hosted/life)

The Laundry at Naval Operating Base, Londonderry

The Fuelling wharf with its pipe lines connected with the nearby tank farm.

The aerial picture shows is Maydown Airfield with Lisahally behind at the rivers edge. The Camp and Jetty are clearly visible.

The photograph above was taken from the opposite side of the Foyle.  It is looking towards Haw Road and the various storage sheds, workshops and other buildings of the Naval Base can be clearly seen.

If you look at the old photograph you can see a road which appears to divide the camp into left and right.

(This picture is from http://www.dawgshed.com/threads/darkfriday-s-corner-of-shame-and-solitary-confinement.114927/page-1396)

Look at the right side and then the Aerial photograph I have included. - Here you can see where the buildings were positioned. (Google)

U.S. ships and an American Sailor on the Jetty and American Sailor Sammy Grasso from New York. - You can see Culmore Point in the background.

Sailor from USS Benson photographed at Lisahally on 14th July 1942. On the right is Jack Johnston and Sammy Grasso at Lisahally in 1942 - Also shown below with unknown.

Jack Johnston, Bob Neill and Sammy Grasso at Lisahally in 1943.

The selection of seven photographs above come from Storekeeper Second Cless Jack Johnston's Tour of Duty 1941 - 1944. (navcomsta-londonderry.freservers.com)

LST 157 (Landing Ship Tank) and an American Destroyer with Culmore Point in the background.

(Thanks very much to Ivor Browne for this information.)

LST 335 at Lisahally

Photographed from a Royal Navy Ship this is LST (Landing Ship Tank) 335.

It was Laid down on 17 July 1942 at Norfolk Navy Yard and launched on15 October 1942 being Commissioned USS LST-335 on 6th December 1942 with Lieutenant Gordon Raymond in Command.

During the War it was assigned to Europe,Africa and the Middle East  and participated in the Sicilian Operation as well as the landings at Salerno and the Normandy Invasion.

(Information from Navsource.org with photograph above from the excellent Twisted Limbs and Broken Branches facebook site)

Captured / Surrendered U-Boats at Lisahally

This first photographs shows a collection of surrendered U-Boats off Northern Ireland. The photographs date from 14th May 1945 and the aircraft in the picture is Vickers Wellington GR Mark 14, NB814, RW-Q which was based at Benbecula. (IWM Photographs)

It was to Lisahally that a large number of German U-Boats were brought to after they had stopped fighting for their official surrender to be accepted at the end of the war.(Pictures from Wikipedia and the excellent U-Historia.com website).

My photograph shows the Jetty at Lisahally as seen from Culmore Point. (The photograph above is from the Imperial War Museum)

Captured German U-Boat U802 passing Culmore. (Excellent photograph from Aaron Cairns) 

U-1009 with Royal Navy Officers on board.

14th May 1945. Commander N. B. Weir, Royal Navy, boarding a surrendered German U-Boat.

The Aircraft painted on the Conning Tower is a "Kill" claimed by the Anti-Aircraft Gunners on the U-Boat.

(For more information see https://www.awm.gov.au/. The final picture is from Naval Communications Station Londonderry)

Looking along the Foyle towards Londonderry (PRONI Photograph) U-boat crews unload ammunition and supplies from their craft on 24 - 25 MAY 1945. (IWM)

German Submariners have their washing hanging to dry along the U-Boat shown in the top photograph (IWM Picture)

Some of the twenty seven U-boats which arrived at Lisahally on 24 May are shown moored alongside a wharf in the photograph above -One has its schnorkel erected. (From Histomil.com)

Above left is the old wooden Jetty at Lisahally as it looks today (Thanks very much to Edward Blakely for this photograph) whilst the photograph on the left was taken from on board one of the saptured U-Boats in May 1945 (This particular photograph comes from James Stewart.)

The brief item on the left was printed in The Derry Journal on 16th May 1945. (Derry Journal)

The photograph above shows a British Soldier standing Armed Guard, complete with fixed bayonet, over some of the surrendered U-Boats. The photograph was taken in May 1945 and one of the U-Boats is causing bubbles whilst it recharges its batteries.

Note that the gangway says "H.M. Base Lisahally"

These photographs show some of the captured German U-Boats at Lisahally with Culmore Point on the left (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

The three photographs above show surrendered German U-Boats at Lisahally.

In the final photograph the submarine is U-889 and it is about to be boarded by Sailors of the Royal Canadian Navy. (For more information see R.C.N. History.Org)

U-Boat U-1305 is shown above with various other U-Boats seen below. (Thanks to David Burnside and Derry of the Past facebook page)

The following photographs are shown with kind permission of Neil Hewat. ****PLEASE DO NOT COPY****

(Thanks very much to Joe White for the above)

(Thanks very much to Joe White for the above)

Coastal Command V.C. Visits Surrendered U-Boats

Flight Lieutenant J.A. Cruikshank V.C. of Coastal Command is centre front on the deck of one of the U-Boats. Behind him is one of the German Officers. 

(Imperial War Museum Photograph)

Ober Lnt Heinrick Jacobs U293, Kt Lnt Helmut Schoenkle U802, Ober Lnt Klaus Kilgendork U1009, Ober Lnt Olaf Lubke U826 and Kt Lnt Leonhart Klingspor U293 after surrender at Lisahally (I.W.M. Photograph)

This picture shows a German U-Boat Crew member who has become a Prisoner of War at Lisahally. (Photograph from Michael Burns)

German U-Boat Crew Prisoners of War disembarking from a Royal Navy Ship.  (Thanks very much to the folks at "Derry of the Past")

German Prisoners of War (Super photograph from Aaron Cairns)

Shown here are German U-Boat Crews who have become Prisoners of War.

They are under guard at what I believe used to be known as Culmore Railway Station at Port Road, Lisahally. (Thanks very much to the folks at "Derry of the Past")

The items shown above can be seen in the Tower Museum within Derry City.

On the left is an item with a bell saying "Newfie / Derry Run 1942 - 1945" - This refers to the Convoys which travelled between Newfoundland and Derry.

On the right is a Bulkhead clock from a U-Boat.

Naval Headquarters, Londonderry

Royal Navy Commanding Officer at Naval Operating Base, Londonderry and The Commandant of the U.S. Naval Operations Base.

Chief Medical Officer and Chief Engineer in charge of Construction of the Naval Operating Base.

Buildings at Naval Operations Base. (Picture above from Ibiblio.org Hyperwar U.S. Navy)

The commanding officers of the forces at the Naval Operations Base walking to their joint offices in the administration building.

You can see the chimneys of Aberfoyle House in the background. The Tower in this photograph has also been demolished.

The next photograph is Showing Guests around the Naval Operations Centre. 

(All of the photographs here are from Life Magazine and can be found at http://images.google.com/hosted/life where they are available to EVERYONE)

Commanding Officers of the 10th Escort Group in Londonderry. Left to Right Lt Commander L.P. Bourke R.N.Z.N.V.R. H.M.S. Bayntun, Lt Commander P.J. Stoner, R.N., H.M.S. Braithwaite, Commander P.W. Burnett D.S.O. D.S.C. R.N., Commander E. Wheeler RD, R.N.R. H.M.S. Loch Dunvegan. (Imperial War Museum Picture)

In June 1942 the Marine Barracks, Naval Operating Base, Londonderry was established with the arrival of U.S. Marines.

The Officers who arrived at that time are shown here. They are Major Louis Shoemaker, Major John Bathum, Captain Frank Martincheck and Lt. Colonel James J. Dugan.

The picture above (comes from https://www.flickr.com/photos/usmcarchives/albums/ )and shows United States Marines playing Baseball with Talbot House to the left.

Talbot House has been demolished and some building has taken place making a precise "Then and Now" photograph impossible however this is the building on the right as it looks today.

This is Talbot House as it looked some years prior to being demolished and P.O. 2c Herbert Paul Spencer standing outside Talbot House which was where Commodore McDonald was billeted. Spencer is shown beside a U.S. Navy car. (Many Thanks to the navcommsta-londonderry website.)

A group of United States Marine Corps Officers raising a toast to a mural of "Old Bill" who can be seen in a mural on the wall.

Second from the right is Lieutenant Colonel James Dugan.

This picture was taken in Aberfoyle House which, although not part of the Naval Headquarters, was within the HQ complex and and had been requisitioned by the Admiralty and used as Accommodation for United States Naval Officers. Throughout this time Lady McFarland and her daughter continued to live in Aberfoyle House. (Thanks to Righard Doherty for this Information). My photograph shows Aberfoyle House as it looks today.

Captain Bruce Bairnsfather, cartoonist on the left with  Lieutenant Colonel James Dugan, United States Marine Corps Executive Officer.

The watercolour shows "Old Bill" toasting the U.S. Marines and was presented to Colonel Shaler Ladd, Commanding Officer of the Marine barracks in Londonderry in December 1943.

(For more information please visit: http://www.derryjournal.com/news/features)

Naval Operating Base, Londonderry

January 1944 Army Cadet Corps Visit.

 Commodore C. C. Baughman, U.S.N., Commandant of the U.S. Naval Operating Base at Londonderry, with officers of the Army Cadet Force during the visit of the Ballyclare platoons to the Base. 

(From left) Lieut. C. L. M‘Tavish, U.S.N.; 2nd Lieut T. M'Mullan, Platoon Commander, A.C.F.; Captain M. F. Co Ills, “B” Company Commander A.C.F.; Major D. Fullerton, Ist Cadet Battalion Royal Inniskilllng Fusiliers; Commodore Baughman; Major W. A Shooter, 2nd Cadet Battalion Royal Ulster Rifles; Captain Hugh Milling, Adjutant 2nd Cadet Battalion Royal Ulster Rifles; and Lieut E. W. Sandlson, U.S.N. (Thanks to  John F Read)

H.M.S. Duncan in Londonderry on 7th November 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

This picture was taken on 7th November 1943 and shows H.M.S. Duncan of Convoy Escort Group B7 arriving in Londonderry at the end of their voyage during which they sunk two U-Boats in the North Atlantic.

The Crew are being waved at by the Crew of H.M.S. Sunflower (I.W.M. Photograph)

Crew member from H.M.S. Duncan with some wreckage which was recovered after they had sunk a U-Boat (I.W.M. Photograph)

Ratings carrying sacks of wooden wreckage recovered following the sinking of U-Boats. (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S. Sunflower in Londonderry

Crew of H.M.S. Sunflower showing some of the wreckage recovered after they had sunk two U-Boats. (I.W.M. Photograph)

The Crew of H.M.S. Sunflower showing wreckage they had recovered after sinking two U-Boats. (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S. Sunflower in Londonderry on 29th May 1943 (I.W.M. Photograph)

Lieutenant Commander C.R. Hart D.S.C. and Bar, R.N. of H.M.S. Vidette from Southampton, Commander P.W. Gretton O.B.E, D.S.O., D.S.C. R.N. of H.M.S. Duncan and Lieutenant Commander J. Plomer D.S.C. R.C.N.V.R. from Winnipeg (Also shown below) on H.M.S. Sunflower in Londonderry on 7th November 1943. (I.W.M. Pictures)

Leading Cook W. McNeil, who comes from Newcastle, beside the Depth Charge Thrower which he helped to Operate on H.M.S. Sunflower during a U-Boat Kill. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Ready to Protect the Convoys

Anti-Aircraft Gun on board Ship. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Depth Charges at the Ready (I.W.M. Photograph)

Depth Charge Thrower Prepared. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Royal Navy Corvette escorting a Convoy. (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S. Scimitar is shown, both above and below, on Convoy Escort Duty in the North Atlantic. (I.W.M. Photographs)

Royal Navy Thanked by the Men whose U-Boat they had Sunk!

This is something rather special.

It has been drawn in pencil and is a "Thank-you" by the German Crew of a U-Boat which was sunk in the Atlantic on 17th October 1943 to the Commanding Officer, Officers and Men of the British Ship which had sunk it and subsequently picked up these survivors. (I.W.M. Picture)

H.M.S. Braithwaite in Londonderry

This photograph shows H.M.S. Braithwaite about to come alongside in Londonderry. (From Wikivisually)

Three Minesweepers in Londonderry

Some of the Royal Navy Minesweeping Sloops berthed in Londonderry.

They are from the 1st and 6th Minesweeping Flotillas and were photographed in Londonderry during 6th and 7th August 1943.

From left tom right are H.M.S. Gleaner, H.M.S. Halcyon and H.M.S. Salamander. (I.W.M. Picture)

(Painting of "Four Sisters of Londonderry" by Dwight C Shepler)

A closer view of H.M.S. Halcyon and H.M.S. Salamander (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

Shown from the Stern. (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

H.M.S. Gleaner in Londonderry

Lieutenant Commander F.J.T. Hewett, D.S.C., R.N. Captain of the Minesweeping Sloop H.M.S. Gleaner. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Preparing the Rum for "Up Spirits" - Coxswain Sidney Gordon Vingoe of H.M.S. Gleaner, 1st and 6th Minesweeping Flotillas, Londonderry, 6-7th August 1943. (I.W.M. Photo)

On the Chief Petty Officer's Mess Deck on board H.M.S. Gleaner in Londonderry (I.W.M. Photograph)

Adding a Dan Buoy to the stock on the After deck of H.M.S. Gleaner. Photographed 6th / 7th August 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S Halcyon in Londonderry

Lieutenant Commander H.L. Dudley Hoare, Royal Naval Reserve, the Commanding Officer of H.M. Minesweeper Halcyon in Londonderry on 28th / 29th June 1943.

The same Officer is shown below with his guitar. (I.W.M. Photographs)

Officers Servant George William Gillyon, from Beverly, Yorkshire on board Halcyon in Londonderry. (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

Able Seaman Lawrence Hodgson, Aged 30, from Liverpool, on board Halcyon wearing his Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal and being Congratulated by his Shipmates. (I.W.M. Picture)

A New Bride is Good Luck on board H.M. Minesweeper Halcyon in Londonderry

Lieutenant A.O. Allinson from Penrith with his new Bride, Miss Janet Somerset from Seven Kings, Essex who is a W.R.E.N. Telephonist.

Shown on board H.M. Minesweeper Halcyon in Londonderry in June 1943. (I.W.M. Photographs)

H.M.S. Salamander in Londonderry

Lieutenant W.R. Muttram D.S.C., Royal Navy, Commanding Officer of H.M. Minesweeper Salamander. Photographed on 30th June 1943 in Londonderry. (I.W.M. Picture)

Members of the Crew of H.M.S. Salamander in Londonderry 6th and 7th August 1943. (I.W.M. Picture)

H.M.S. Swale in Londonderry

From Left to Right E.R.A. E.A.J. Prior, Mr J.C. Tyler M.B.E. Warrant Mechanician, Lieutenant Commander J. Jackson D.S.C. R.D. Royal Naval Reserve, Commanding Officer, Lieutenant D. Welsh, Petty Officer A.A. Churcher ad Chief Stoker W.J. Miller B.E.M. on board the River Class frigate H.M.S. Swale in Londonderry on 13th April 1944. (I.W.M.)

Lieutenant Commander R. Hart, D.S.C. and Bar, Commanding Officer of H.M.S. Vidette greeting Lieutenant Commander J.Jackson D.S.C., R.D., Royal Naval Reserve, of Lambourne, Berkshire, Commanding Officer of H.M.S. Swale. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Lieutenant L.A. Spicer, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, from Ash, Canterbury and Sub Lieutenant J.W. Lyde, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve from Droitwich on board H.M.S. Swale. (I.W.M. Picture)

Men of H.M.S. Swale in Londonderry on 13th April 1944. (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

H.M.S. Sardonyx in Londonderry

Men of H.M.S. Sardonyx with Miss Stephenson, Correspondent from Womans Own. (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

A Rating from H.M.S. Sardonyx using an Off Duty spell to good advantage while in Port in Londonderry. (I.W.M. Photograph)

A large decorated Jam Tart being brought to the Mess on H.M.S. Sardonyx. (I.W.M. Picture)

Convoy Escort Group B7 in Londonderry

This photograph shows some of the ships of Escort Group B.7. moored in Londonderry.

The building on the left of the picture is part of what was the Naval Headquarters and is now Magee campus.

Two of the ships in the background are H.M.S. Versatile and H.M.S. Godavari. (I.W.M. Picture)

Stoker J. Brownlie of Coatbridge, Glasgow with his model of one of the sunken U-Boats bade from wreckage from a Depth Charge Explosion. Londonderry 7th November 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Safe Return to Londonderry From North African Operations.

The Naval Officer in charge of the Port congratulates the Ships company of a Destroyer which had sunk a Submarine during the North Africa Operations (I.W.M. Picture)

Ratings on board a Corvette reading the first Newspaper they have seen in many weeks. Londonderry 22nd November 1942. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Ratings reading Letters from Home which they received on their arrival in Londonderry on 22nd November 1942 (I.W.M. Photograph)

Royal Navy Ships Company in good spirits on their return to Londonderry following the North Africa Operation. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Landing Craft Crews who took part in the North Africa Operation on their return to Londonderry on 22nd November 1942. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Three Members of the landing Craft Crews from H.M.S. Lulworth on their arrival in Londonderry on 22nd November 1942. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Escort Ships return from the North African Operations. Londonderry 22nd November 1942. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Going ashore from Escort Warship in Londonderry on 22nd November 1942 after being involved in North African Operations. (I.W.M. Photograph)

The signalman from a Royal Navy Corvette holding a large pile of signals following the North Africa Operation. (I.W.M. Photograph)

British and United States sailors are shown greeting each other from their destroyers which are secured alongside when the first United States warships escorting a convoy across the Atlantic arrived at Londonderry. 


With the numbers of U.S. Personnel in Londonderry there were Military Police and Shore Patrol seen around the City.

I believe this photograph was taken in Foyle Street near the Guildhall.

(Thanks very much to Ed Luke for the pictures)


Two corvettes of a convoy escort force docked on their return to base at Londonderry. On the left is HMS PINK, and on the right HMS LOOSESTRIFE, which attacked a U-boat with depth charges, forcing her to the surface. These and other escort ships over a period of eight days and nights had destroyed four German U-Boats whilst four others were very probably destroyed and a further two probably destroyed.

Shown below are two sailors, standing on precariously lowered platforms perform the necessary task of repainting when small ships return to base after a long spell U-boat hunting in the Atlantic. The ship being repainted at Londonderry is the Flower class corvette HMS PINK. (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

Lieutenant Commander H.A. Stonehouse, Royal Naval Reserve, Commanding Officer of the Corvette H.M.S. Loosestrife. (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

H.M.S. Black Swan at Londonderry on 26th February 1942. (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S. Campion, British Flower Class Corvette photographed on 26th February 1942 at Londonderry (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S. La Malouine, Ex French Flower Class Corvette in Londonderry on 26th February 1942. (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S. Cosby, Captain Class frigate and U-Boat Chaser. Involved in the Decommissioning of U-Boats during Operation Deadlight

(Thanks very much to Dave Dickson whose Dad served on this ship)

Royal Navy Sailors watch an American Destroyer as it arrives in Londonderry between 29th January and 2nd February 1942. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Royal Navy Sailor making friends with newly arrived U.S. Sailors. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Lieutenant G.D. Fowler, Commanding Officer H.M.S. Aubrietia in Londonderry on 15th June 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Lieutenant A.J.H. Tilston D.S.C., R.N.R. Commanding Officer of H.M.S. Geranium in Londonderry on 30th June 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Lieutenant Commander G.W. Gregorie, Royal Naval Reserve, Commanding Officer H.M.S. Winchelsea in Londonderry on 15th June 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Lieutenant H.G. Chesterman, Royal Naval Reserve, on the Bridge of his Ship H.M.S. Snowflake which destroyed one U-Boat with Depth Charges. 

Shown in Londonderry on 29th May 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

Lieutenant L.P. Benny, Royal Canadian Naval Reserve. Commanding Officer of H.M.C.S. Brumheller. Photographed in Londonderry on 30th June 1943. (I.W.M. Picture)

Able Seaman Sydney Blakeson from Yorkshire, on H.M.S. Tay, a River Class Corvette embroidering his name on a jersey he knitted while at sea,

Photographed in Londonderry in May 1943.

He is also shown below with two Shipmates. (I.W.M. Photograph)

The Officers of B.Y.M. 80, a 200 Ton wooden Minesweeper shown in Londonderry on 20th October 1943. (I.W.M. Photograph)

H.M.S. Bentinck tied-up at Londonderry above. (For more see www.navsource.org) British Sailors at Londonderry (Life Magazine photograph)

This is H.M.S. Drury which was a Captain Class frigate that had been commissioned by the United States Navy and subsequently transferred to the Royal Navy.

On 21st April 1945 H.M.S. Drury joined HMS Bentinck (Shown above) and HMS Bazely in attacking and sinking U-636 with Depth Charges.

The U-Boat was sunk with all hands. (Photograph from Steve Walters)